WORKSHOP 1 – FLOREȘTI (EN)

This workshop is organised by SUPERBIA team and The Chamber of Architects from Roumania (O.A.R.) in colaboration with Sociology and Social Asistance Faculty, Architecture Students Organization (AStA), Atelier MASS SRL-D. Partners of the event are the Florești’s Town Hall and the architecture platform ArhiForum.

PRESENTATION:

The workshop focuses on the periphery of Cluj. Since 1999 the city of Cluj includes in its urban area 2000 hectares of agricultural land, pastures, forests and orchards, extending by cca. 50% the former urban area. Over the next 10 years these territories became increasingly occupied by housing and commercial and industrial functions. Far from being specific only to Cluj, this sprawling phenomenon is characterized by density and chronic lack of infrastructure, not only in Romania, but in other countries of the ex-communist block. As a result, a new landscape of fragmented and chaotic periphery has emerged, that is more attractive financially and holds the promise of getting back to nature and higher quality of life.

The gradual increase of standard of living and development of market-economy sustained new opportunities for work, higher mobility and migration. However, the lack of an appropriate strategy or urban legislation that would keep up with macro-economical growth, has led to explosive development equally fuelled by investors, administration and present-day owners. 

Dezvoltările cartierelor Europa și Bună Ziua între 2003 si 2009

The sprawl easily swoloed the small vilages around the big cities. A revealing situation for this case is Florești village, next to Cluj, where the population has trippled in the last 8 years, reaching almost 20,000 inhabitants. The resulted urban morphology is mainly a mixture of housing of different sizes, for diferent users: high density housing, „villas”, agriculture fields, shopping centers. Now, after a few years, the inhabitants start to face the real problems of living in the “suburbs” and become aware of lacking features of their environment. Another specific problem is that the way of life of the people who have recently moved to Florești is depending on Cluj, but their problems concern the administration of the village, and to solve them, they need to get involved.

This workshop aims to set an example for a way to resolve directly the needs of those who live here. This effort is consistent with our attempt to introduce the notion of public space, communal space and the role that communities can have as actors of urban life. 

From an urbanistic point of view, a series of steps are taken, but their effects will take a long time, maybe several years, to be felt. The inhabitants need quicker and more direct interventions that would improve their quality of life, and these would be on a micro-urban level, on the level and with the direct involvement of already emerged communities. Without any emphasis on the negative aspects, we intend to find simple solutions to improve the public space, where there is any of it, and in a future stage of the project, to see them implemented with the aid of local administration and communities.

IMPLEMENTATION

The study addresses a certain area of Florești, comprised between Eroilor, Cetății and Florilor streets, characterized by a great diversity of dwelling typologies, with densely built and completely empty areas, that lacks any public space. The elements next to our focus area, but which have a certain influence, are a chicken farm, the forest edge and the local cemetery. 

Zona de studiu - Comuna Florești

The study is organized in the following parts:

The analysis workshop will chart and analyse an area to find out the needs, aspirations and problems of those who live there. At this stage we will collaborate with the Faculty of Sociology and Anthropology. In parralel, together with the Faculty of Architecture the area will be charted to identify empty spaces that have the potential to sustain different public leisure functions (small gardens, playgrounds, parking lots etc.), according to the needs of the locals.

Presentation of similar projects that have been carried out and a series of debates where inhabitants, local administration and specialists of urbanism, public spaces, sociology etc. will be invited.

Brainstorming workshop to tackle the places identified during the analysis, to respond to the needs of the inhabitants.

Exhibition and brochure that will display the conclusions of the analysis, conclusions and proposals of micro-interventions in public spaces that could be realized in a further stage of the project, with direct involvement of the inhabitants. The exhibition will be presented bouth in Florești and Cluj during december.

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